Windows DNS Test

This test reports various performance statistics pertaining to the DNS server running on Windows.

Target of the test : A DNS server running on Windows

Agent deploying the test : An internal agent

Outputs of the test : One set of results for every DNS server being monitored.

Configurable parameters for the test
Parameter Description

Test Period

How often should the test be executed.


The IP address of the host for which this test is to be configured.


The port on which the specified host is listening

Measurements made by the test
Measurement Description Measurement Unit Interpretation

Total queries

The rate of queries received by the DNS server


Indicates the workload of the DNS server

Total responses

The rate of responses from the DNS server to clients


Ideally, the total responses should match the total queries. Significant differences between the two can indicate that the DNS server is not able to handle the current workload.

Recursive queries

The rate of recursive queries successfully handled by the DNS server


The ratio of recursive queries to total queries indicates the number of queries that required the DNS server to communicate with other DNS servers to resolve the client requests.

Recursive query failures

The rate of recursive queries that could not be resolved by the DNS server


Query failures can happen due to various reasons - e.g., requests from clients to invalid domain names/IP addresses, failure in the external network link thereby preventing a DNS server from communicating with other DNS servers on the Internet, failure of a specific DNS server to which a DNS server is forwarding all its requests, etc. A small percentage of failures is to be expected in any production environment. If a significant percentage of failures are happening, this could result in application failures due to DNS errors.

Recursive timeouts

The rate of recursive queries that failed because of timeouts


Timeouts can happen because of a poor external link preventing a DNS server from communicating with others. In some cases, improper/invalid domain name resolution requests can also result in timeouts. DNS timeouts can adversely affect application performance and must be monitored continuously.

Zone transfers received

The number of zone transfer requests received by a DNS


Zone transfers are resource intensive. Moreover, zone transfers to unauthorized clients can make an IT environment vulnerable to security attacks. Hence, it is important to monitor the number of zone transfer requests and responses on a periodic basis.

Zone transfers failed

The number of zone transfers that were not serviced by the DNS server in the last measurement period


Zone transfers may fail either because the DNS server does not have resources, or the request is not valid, or the client requesting the transfer is not authorized to receive the results.