Application Interfaces Test

The CSS forwards VLAN circuit traffic to the IP interface. The IP interface passes the traffic to the IP forwarding function where the CSS compares the destination of each packet to information contained in the routing table. The routing table typically contains the output interface and the next-hop address. Once the CSS resolves the packet addresses, it forwards the packet to the appropriate VLAN and destination port.

This test reports useful statistics related to the VLAN-VLAN communication that CSS enables via the IP interfaces configured on it.

Target of the test : A Cisco CSS

Agent deploying the test : An external agent

Outputs of the test : One set of results for the CSS monitored.

Configurable parameters for the test
Parameters Description

Test period

How often should the test be executed


The IP address of the host for which this test is to be configured.


The port at which the monitored target exposes its SNMP MIB; the default is 161.


By default, the eG agent supports SNMP version 1. Accordingly, the default selection in the SNMPVersion list is v1. However, if a different SNMP framework is in use in your environment, say SNMP v2 or v3, then select the corresponding option from this list.


The SNMP community name that the test uses to communicate with the firewall. This parameter is specific to SNMP v1 and v2 only. Therefore, if the SNMPVersion chosen is v3, then this parameter will not appear.


This parameter appears only when v3 is selected as the SNMPVersion. SNMP version 3 (SNMPv3) is an extensible SNMP Framework which supplements the SNMPv2 Framework, by additionally supporting message security, access control, and remote SNMP configuration capabilities. To extract performance statistics from the MIB using the highly secure SNMP v3 protocol, the eG agent has to be configured with the required access privileges – in other words, the eG agent should connect to the MIB using the credentials of a user with access permissions to be MIB. Therefore, specify the name of such a user against this parameter. 


This parameter appears only when v3 is selected as the SNMPVersion. An SNMP context is a collection of management information accessible by an SNMP entity. An item of management information may exist in more than one context and an SNMP entity potentially has access to many contexts. A context is identified by the SNMPEngineID value of the entity hosting the management information (also called a contextEngineID) and a context name that identifies the specific context (also called a contextName). If the Username provided is associated with a context name, then the eG agent will be able to poll the MIB and collect metrics only if it is configured with the context name as well. In such cases therefore, specify the context name of the Username in the Context text box.  By default, this parameter is set to none.


Specify the password that corresponds to the above-mentioned Username. This parameter once again appears only if the SNMPversion selected is v3.

Confirm Password

Confirm the AuthPass by retyping it here.


This parameter too appears only if v3 is selected as the SNMPversion. From the AuthType list box, choose the authentication algorithm using which SNMP v3 converts the specified username and password into a 32-bit format to ensure security of SNMP transactions. You can choose between the following options:

  • MD5 - Message Digest Algorithm
  • SHA - Secure Hash Algorithm
  • SHA224 - Secure Hash Algorithm 224 bit
  • SHA256 - Secure Hash Algorithm 256 bit
  • SHA384 - Secure Hash Algorithm 384 bit
  • SHA512 - Secure Hash Algorithm 512 bit


This flag appears only when v3 is selected as the SNMPVersion. By default, the eG agent does not encrypt SNMP requests. Accordingly, the this flag is set to No by default. To ensure that SNMP requests sent by the eG agent are encrypted, select the Yes option. 


If the EncryptFlag is set to Yes, then you will have to mention the encryption type by selecting an option from the EncryptType list. SNMP v3 supports the following encryption types:

  • DES - Data Encryption Standard
  • 3DES - Triple Data Encryption Standard
  • AES - Advanced Encryption Standard
  • AES128 - Advanced Encryption Standard 128 bit
  • AES192 - Advanced Encryption Standard 192 bit
  • AES256 - Advanced Encryption Standard 256 bit


Specify the encryption password here.

Confirm Password

Confirm the encryption password by retyping it here.


If this flag is set to Yes, then only the network interfaces that are operational - i.e. whose MIB-II operStatus variable has a value "up" - are monitored. If this flag is set to No, all network interfaces that have an adminStatus of "up" will be monitored.


Specify the duration (in seconds) within which the SNMP query executed by this test should time out in this text box. The default is 10 seconds.

Data Over TCP

By default, in an IT environment, all data transmission occurs over UDP. Some environments however, may be specifically configured to offload a fraction of the data traffic – for instance, certain types of data traffic or traffic pertaining to specific components – to other protocols like TCP, so as to prevent UDP overloads. In such environments, you can instruct the eG agent to conduct the SNMP data traffic related to the monitored target over TCP (and not UDP). For this, set this flag to Yes. By default, this flag is set to No.


This parameter appears only when v3 is selected as the SNMPVersion. Sometimes, the test may not report metrics when AES192 or AES256 is chosen as the Encryption type. To ensure that the test report metrics consistently, administrators need to set this flag to Yes. By default, this parameter is set to No.

Measurements made by the test
Measurement Description Measurement Unit Interpretation

No of reachable routes

Indicates the current number of reachable routes.



Total no of reachable routes

Indicates the total number of reachable routes during this measurement period.



No of reachable hosts

Indicates the number of hosts that are currently reachable.



Total no of reachable hosts

Indicates the total number of reachable hosts during this measurement period.



Pool memory

Indicates the total amount of memory in bytes allocated for the IP routing table.


When there are no additional free entries in the memory pool, more memory is allocated to the pool.

Redundant state

Indicates the current redundancy state of the monitored CSS.


If this measure reports the value 1, it indicates the ‘Init’ state. The value 2 on the other hand, indicates the ‘Backup’ state.

Total alive uplinks

Indicates the number of alive uplinks during this measurement period.


Within a redundant configuration, CSS allows you to create one/more uplink services with a router’s IP address. An uplink service enables the master CSS to monitor the router with a keepalive (ICMP). If the keepalive fails, the master relinquishes control and the backup CSS takes control. The master CSS uses all redundancy uplinks when making the failover decision.

If the value of this measure is 0, it indicates that there are no live uplink services. In such a case, the CSS goes into failover.