VSP Gx00 Parity Group Usage Test

A parity group is a group of hard disk drives (HDDs) that form the basic unit of storage for the Virtual Storage Platform. All HDDs in a parity group must have the same physical capacity. The parity group is also called as an array group or a RAID group. A RAID group contains both user data and parity information. This allows user data to be accessed in the event that one or more of the drives within the RAID group are not available. If one or more parity groups are inaccessible, then the load to the other parity groups may increase manifold! This sudden increase will affect the data transfer between the parity groups, increase the I/O traffic and result in irregular load on the parity groups which may sometimes lead to critical data loss thus affecting the overall performance of the storage device. To avoid such problems, administrators can use the VSP Gx00 Parity Group Usage test.

This test monitors the I/O traffic and data transfers conducted by each parity group on the storage device, and indicates irregularities in load balancing across the parity groups.

Target of the test : A Hitachi VSP Gx00 Series storage device

Agent deploying the test : A remote agent

Outputs of the test : One set of results for every parity group on the Hitachi VSP Gx00 Series device monitored

Configurable parameters for the test
  1. TEST PERIOD - How often should the test be executed.
  2. HOST - The host for which the test is to be configured.
  3. PORT - The port at which the device listens. By default, this is set to NULL.
  4. DKC SERIAL NUMBER - Specify the serial number of the target Hitachi VSP Gx00 Series storage device that is to be monitored.
  5. USERID and PASSWORD – To extract metrics from the target storage device, the eG agent should be configured with the credentials of a special user account, which is specifically created for use with the Java export utility. This user account should fulfill the following conditions:

    • Should not possess the ‘write’ permission;
    • Can be of any user type; however, to ensure that the eG agent collects statistics pertaining to all storage partitions, it is recommended that this user is of type storage administrator;

    Specify the credentials of such a user in the USERID and PASSWORD text boxes.

  6. CONFIRM PASSWORD - Confirm the password by retyping it here.
  7. TIMEOUT - Specify the duration (in seconds) beyond which this test should time out in the TIMEOUT text box. The default is 3 seconds.
Measures made by the test:



Measurement Unit


I/O operations rate

Indicates the number of read-write operations performed on this parity group per second.


A high value for this measure is indicative of high I/O activity on the parity group. Comparing the value of this measure across parity groups can accurately reveal which parity groups are overloaded, and also enable administrators to easily detect irregularities in load distribution across the parity groups.

To uniformly balance load across parity groups, you should consider installing additional HDDs, or you can use volume migration to migrate volumes from high-usage parity groups to low-usage parity groups.

Transactions rate

Indicates the rate at which data transfers occur on this parity group.




Indicates the rate at which read operations are performed on this parity group.



Write IOPS

Indicates the rate at which data is written to this parity group.



Read hits

Indicates the percentage of read requests serviced by this parity group.


Ideally, the value of this measure should be high. A low value is a cause for concern, as it indicates that a majority of read requests have failed.

Write hits

Indicates the percentage of data written to this parity group.



Cache-to-disk transfers

Indicates the number of data transfer operations performed from the cache to this parity group.


A high value for this measure is a sign of good health. A low value or a consistently decreasing value could be a cause for concern, as it indicates that the cache is not writing enough data to the disk; this in turn could overload the cache and hamper its ability to make space for data that is waiting to be written.

Response time

Indicates the current responsiveness of this parity group to I/O requests.


Ideally, the value of this measure should be low.

Transfers between disk and cache

Indicates the rate at which data transfer operations are performed between this parity group and the cache.