WebSphereGlobalTransactions Test

Transactions are the key functionality of the WebSphere application server. Global transactions are those that take place in more than one server. This test monitors the global transactions that are happening on different servers.

Target of the test : A WebSphere application server

Agent deploying the test : An internal agent

Outputs of the test : One set of results for each WebSphere application server being monitored

Configurable parameters for the test
Parameters Description

Test Period

How often should the test be executed .

Host

The IP address of the WebSphere application server

Port

The port number of the WebSphere application server

WebServerPort

The port number through which the WebSphere applications can be accessed.

SSL

Indicate whether the SSL (Secured Socket Layer) is to be used to connect to the WebSphere server.

ServerHostName

Specify the node name of the server instance being monitored. To know the node name, do the following:

  • Login to the WebSphere Administrative Console.
  • Expand the Servers node in the tree structure in the left pane of the console, and click on the Application Servers link within.
  • A list of application server instances and their corresponding node names will then appear in the right pane of the console. From this list, you can figure out the node name that corresponds to the application server instance being monitored, and specify that name against the ServerHostName parameter.

NDManager

The NDManager parameter is applicable only under the following circumstances:

  1. If the WebSphere server being monitored belongs to a cluster, or,
  2. If the WebSphere server being monitored is one of many instances of the server running on the same host

In the case of situation (a), in the NDManager text box, provide the host name of the node manager that manages the application servers in the cluster. To know the name of the Node Manager, do the following:

  • Login to the Administrative Console of the node manager using the URL http://<IPoftheWebSphereAppServer'sNodeManager>:<Adminport>/admin/.
  • Using the tree-structure in the left pane of the Administrative Console that appears, drill down to the Deployment Manager node within System Administration.
  • Select the Configuration tab that appears in the right pane, and scroll down to the End Points link in the Additional Properties section.
  • Once you locate the End Points link, click on it, and in the page that appears, click on the SOAP_CONNECTOR_ADDRESS link.
  • In the subsequent page, a fully qualified domain name will be displayed against Host. This is the name that should be specified as the host name of the node manager in the NDManager text box.

In the case of situation (b), enter the ServerHostName itself as the NDManager. If both conditions (a) and (b) do not apply, then specify none here.

ConnectorPort

The ConnectorPort parameter is applicable only under the following circumstances:

  1. If the WebSphere server being monitored belongs to a cluster, or,
  2. If the WebSphere server being monitored is one of many instances of the server running on the same host

In case of situation (a), the ConnectorPort parameter will take the port number using which the node manager communicates with the WebSphere servers in the cluster. The connector port can be a SOAP port or an RMI port. To know the port number, do the following:

  • From the Node manager's host, open the <WEBSPHERE_INSTALL_DIR>\DeploymentManager\properties\wsadmin.properties file.
  • Two entries that read as follows will be present in the wsadmin.properties file:

    com.ibm.ws.scripting.port=<port_number>

    #com.ibm.ws.scripting.port=<port_number>

    Both the entries will have port numbers against them. However, the uncommented entry (the entry without the #) is the one that denotes an active port. Therefore, specify the corresponding port number as the ConnectorPort.

In case of situation (b), do the following to know the ConnectorPort:

  • Login to the WebSphere Administrative Console.
  • Expand the Servers node in the tree-structure in the left pane of the console, and click on the Application Servers link. A list of application server instances will then appear in the right pane.
  • Click on the server instance being monitored. Doing so invokes the Configuration of the chosen server instance appears.
  • Scroll down the Configuration to view the End Points link. Once you locate the End Points link, click on it.
  • In the page that appears next, click on the SOAP_CONNECTOR_ADDRESS link.
  • The Port displayed in that page should be used as the ConnectorPort in situation (b).

If both (a) and (b) do not apply, specify none against ConnectorPort.

User

If security has been enabled for the WebSphere server being monitored, then provide a valid User name to login to the WebSphere server. If the WebSphere server does not require any authentication, then the User text box should contain the default value 'none'.

Password

If security has been enabled for the WebSphere server being monitored, then provide the Password that corresponds to the specified User name. If the WebSphere server does not require any authentication, then leave the Password text box with its default setting.

Confirm Password

If security has been enabled, confirm the specified Password by retyping it in the Confirm Password text box.  If the WebSphere server does not require any authentication, then leave the Confirm Password text box with its default setting.

EncryptPass

By default, this flag is set to Yes, indicating that the Password of the WebSphere server is encrypted by default. To disable password encryption, select the No option.

ServerName

Specify the name of the WebSphere server instance to be monitored. To know the instances of a WebSphere server currently available, first, connect to the WebSphere Administrative console using the URL: http://<IP address of the WebSphere server:Port number of the WebSphere server>\admin. Then, login to the administrative console and expand the Servers node in the left pane of the console. Next, click on the Application Servers sub-node under the Servers node. A list of server instance Names and their corresponding Node values will then be displayed in the right pane. One of the displayed server instances can be specified as the value of the ServerName parameter.

Timeout

In the Timeout text box, specify the maximum duration (in seconds) for which the test will wait for a response from the application server. The default Timeout period is 60 seconds.

Measurements made by the test

Measurement

Description

Measurement Unit

Interpretation

Global transactions begun

Indicates the rate at which global transactions are beginning to occur at the server.

Trans/Sec

A high value indicates an overload on the server.

Active global transactions

Indicates the average number of concurrently active global transactions.

Number

If the value of this measure is high, it signifies greater load on the server. This might increase the number of waiting local transactions.

Global transaction duration

Indicates the average duration of global transactions.

Secs

A high transaction duration value indicates increased load on the server.

Global commit duration

Indicates the average duration of commit for global transactions.

Secs

If the total time taken for committing a global transaction is high, then it indicates a bottleneck on the server.

Optimization rate

Indicates the rate at which global transactions being converted to single phase for optimization.

Trans/Sec

A sudden increase in this value might be caused due to one of the following reasons.

  1. There might be more number of requests for the application.
  2. There might be a bottleneck on the application.

Global transaction commits

Indicates the rate at which global transactions are being committed.

Transactions/Sec

If the rate of transactions that are being committed is very high, it signifies load on the server. It might be caused when some locked transactions are released suddenly.

Global transaction rollbacks

Indicates the rate at which the global transactions are being rolled back.

Trans/Sec

A high value indicates a problem with the application. Possible reasons could be the problem with the application or with some other dependent server (e.g. Database).

Global transaction timeouts

Indicates the rate at which the global transactions are being timed out.

Trans/Sec

Again, a rise in the value could be due to the problem with the application or with some other dependent server like the database.

Global transactions involved

Indicates the total number of global transactions involved at the server.

Number

A sudden increase in the value might be caused if the commit duration of a transaction goes low.

Global prepare duration

This measure indicates the average duration of prepare for the global transactions.

Secs

A high value indicates a bottleneck on the server.