Configuring the eG Agent to Monitor a Microsoft AVD Broker Using Azure ARM REST API

As already discussed, to achieve the above, you need to perform the following broad steps:

  1. Register an Application with an Azure AD Tenant;

  2. Determine the Tenant ID, the Application (Client) ID and Secret Key value associated with the registered Application;

  3. Assign the Application to a Subscription and grant 'monitoring' rights to it

The sub-sections below discuss each of these steps in detail.

If an Azure Subscription is already monitored in your environment, then you can use the same Application you created for Azure Subscription monitoring to monitor Azure AD as well. In this case therefore, do not need to perform any of the steps above.

On the other hand, if such an Application does not pre-exist, then proceed to create one. For that, you need to follow steps 1 - 3 above.

Registering an Application with Azure Active Directory (AD)

An Azure AD Application is a digital identity and some associated configuration, which informs Azure AD about how to treat software which uses that digital identity.

The eG agent can pull performance metrics related to an Azure tenant, its services, and its resources, only if it communicates with an Azure AD tenant as an 'Application' with 'monitoring rights'.

If such an Application pre-exists with the target tenant, then you can configure the eG agent with the access credentials of that application. However, if no such application pre-exists, then first register a new Application with Azure AD and obtain the access tokens that Azure AD issues for that application.

To achieve this, do the following:

  1. Login to Microsoft Azure portal using with valid credentials.

  2. Click on the Azure Active Directory indicated by Figure 1.

    Figure 1 : Selecting the Azure Active Directory option

  3. When Figure 2 appears, click on the App Registrations option in its left pane.

    Figure 2 : Clicking on the App Registrations option

  4. Figure 3 will then appear.

    Figure 3 : Registering new application

  5. To register a new application, click the New registration option indicated by Figure 3. The Register an application page will then appear as shown by Figure 4.

    Figure 4 : Specifying the details of the new application

  6. In Figure 4, specify the following:

    • The name of the application in the Name text box,
    • Select the type of the account from the Supported account types section.

      Supported account types Description

      Accounts in this organizational directory only

      Select this option if you want all user and guest accounts in your directory to use the application or API.

      Use this option if your target audience is internal to your organization.

      Accounts in any organizational directory

      Select this option if you want all users with a work or school account from Microsoft to use this application or API. This includes schools and businesses that use Office 365.

      Use this option if your target audience is business or educational customers and to enable multitenancy.

      Accounts in any organizational directory and personal Microsoft accounts

      Select this option if you want all users with a work or school, or personal Microsoft account to use your application or API. It includes schools and businesses that use Office 365 as well as personal accounts that are used to sign in to services like Xbox and Skype.

      Use this option to target the widest set of Microsoft identities and to enable multitenancy.

      Personal Microsoft Accounts only

      Select this option if you want the application or API to be used by only those users with personal accounts that are used to sign in to services like Xbox and Skype.

    • Then, enter the redirect URl (or reply URL) for your application in the Redirect URl text box. Typically, you need to provide the base URL of your app. For example, http://localhost:31544 might be the URL for a web app running on your local machine. Users would use this URL to sign in to a web client application. For public client applications, provide the URL used by Azure AD to return token responses. Enter a value specific to your application, such as
  7. Clicking the Register button in Figure 4 will create the Application. Then, Figure 5 will appear displaying the Essentials related to the new Application.

    Figure 5 : The successfully created application

  8. From the Essentials, you can obtain the Application ID and Directory ID (see Figure 5). Copy the Application ID and the Directory ID and paste them against the Client ID and TENANT ID text boxes while configuring eG tests for the target Azure component.

Obtaining the Client Secret

For the eG agent to obtain metrics from the target Microsoft Azure component, it is necessary to provide the client secret associated with the registered Application. For this, click on the Certificates & secrets option in the left pane of Figure 5. This will invoke Figure 6.

Figure 6 : Creating New Client Secret

Clicking on the New client secret button in the right panel of Figure 6 will invoke Figure 7. Specify the description of the client secret in the Description text box and choose an expiry period from the Expires section as shown in Figure 7.

Figure 7 : Adding the client secret

Clicking the Add button in Figure 7 will display a client secret value in the Value column of Figure 8.

Figure 8 : Generating the client secret value for the application

Note that the Value will disappear once you leave this page, so make sure that you copy the new client secret value in the clipboard by clicking the icon. Otherwise, you may need to generate a new client secret value. The client secret value has to be specified against the Client password field in the test configuration page.

Assigning the Application to a Subscription and Granting Monitoring Rights

Once the application is created, you need to grant that application monitoring access to all the resources contained with a specific subscription. To achieve this, do the following:

  1. In the Azure console, click on the Subscriptions option indicated by Figure 9.

    Figure 9 : Clicking on the Subscriptions option

  1. When Figure 10 appears, select the subscription that you want to access by clicking on it.

    Figure 10 : Selecting the subscription

  1. Figure 11 will then appear. Click the Access Control (IAM) option in the left panel of Figure 11.

    Figure 11 : Clicking on the Access Control (IAM) option

  1. The right panel will then change to display a Check Access section (see Figure 12). To grant monitoring rights for resources contained within a subscription, you need to create a new role. For that, click on the Add role assignment button in Figure 12.

    Figure 12 : Clicking on the Add role assignment button

  2. Figure 13 will then appear. Now, keep scrolling down the list of roles in Figure 13 until you find the Monitoring Reader role (see Figure 14). Select that role by clicking on it, and then click the Next button in Figure 14.

    Figure 13 : Scrolling down the list of roles that pre-exist

    Figure 14 : Selecting the Monitoring Reader role

  1. Figure 15 will then appear. Here, indicate which resource in the chosen subscription should be assigned the chosen role. For that, choose to Assign access to a User, group, or service principal, and then proceed to click on Select members.

    Figure 15 : Clicking on Select members

  2. Figure 16 will then appear. Using the Select members dialog box depicted by Figure 16, you have to select the application to which you want to assign the Monitoring Reader role. This should be the new application you previously registered with Azure AD. To search for this application, in the Select text box of Figure 16, enter the name of the application. Once the application is found, its name will appear below the Select text box. To select that application, click on it and then click on the Select button in Figure 16.

    Figure 16 : Selecting the applicaton registered with Azure AD

  3. Figure 17 will then appear, where your selection will be displayed. Click on the Next button in Figure 17 to continue.

    Figure 17 : A page indicating that the Monitoring Reader role has been assigned to the selected AD application

  4. This will invoke Figure 18. Quickly review the role assignment using Figure 18, and then click the Review + assign button to complete the process.

    Figure 18 : Review and assign the role to the chosen application

  5. Next, go back to the Figure 12 and click on the Add role assignment button therein, once again. When Figure 19 appears, type reader in the Search text box (i.e., the text box with the 'magnifying glass' icon within) to search for role names containing the string 'reader'. Once the matching role names are listed, scroll down the list to locate the Reader and Data Access role, and click on that role to select it.

    Figure 19 : Selecting the Reader and Data Access role

  6. Then, follow steps 6-9 above to assign the Reader and Data Access role to the new application you registered with Azure AD earlier.