JVM - Uptime / Downtime Analysis Report
Uptime is a key measure of the general health and availability of the critical JVMs in an IT infrastructure. Periodic uptime values that the eG agent reports for target JVMs can alert you to unscheduled reboots that occurred recently; however, to effectively assess JVM availability over time, accurately determine unexpected and prolonged breaks in availability, and accordingly ascertain service level achievements/slippages, a look at the total uptime of a JVM and the total number of reboots it experienced over a period of time is necessary. To enable such an analysis for one/more critical JVM components of an IT infrastructure, eG Enterprise provides the Uptime/Downtime Analysis report.
Using the JVM - Uptime/Downtime Analysis reports, you can figure out the following:
- Which JVMs are the healthiest, in terms of availability?
- Which JVMs have been down for the longest period of time? How long was each JVM unavailable during the specified timeline?
- How many times during the designated period did a JVM reboot? How many of these were scheduled reboots? How long was the JVM down before every reboot?
- Which servers had the least uptime/downtime and how many JVMs were available in the target environment?
To generate the JVM - Uptime / Downtime Analysis report, do the following:
- Select the Uptime / Downtime Analysis option by following the menu sequence: REPORTS BY FUNCTION -> Domain-specific Reports -> Web Application Monitoring -> Java.
Figure 1 will then appear.
To ease the pain involved in choosing the components for report generation, eG Enterprise provides a Report By list. The options provided by the Report By list box are discussed hereunder:
- Zone: By default, the Zone option is chosen from the Report By list - this indicates that by default, the list will display all the managed components in the chosen zone. Select the zone to which the components of interest to you belong from the Zone drop-down list.
- Component: Select this option to generate a report on the components that are managed in the target environment.
- Service: Select this option if the components for which a report is to be generated are involved in the delivery of a business service. Then, select a Service.
- Segment: Choose this option if the components to be evaluated are part of a segment. Then, pick a Segment for analysis.
- Next, choose a Component Type. This list lists all the components that are executing on JVM, by default. The Components list is then populated with the components pertaining to the chosen Component Type. If the Components list consists of too many components, then viewing all the components and selecting the ones you need for report generation could require endless scrolling. To avoid this, you can click the button next to the Components list. The COMPONENTS pop up window will then appear using which you can view almost all the components in a single interface and Select the ones for which the report is to be generated. You can narrow your search further by using the Search text box. Specify the whole/part of the component name to search for in this text box, and click the icon next to it.
Then, specify the Timeline for generating the report. You can either provide a fixed time line such as 1 hour, 2 days, etc., or select the Any option from the list to provide a From and To date/time for report generation.
For every user registered with the eG Enterprise system, the administrator can indicate the maximum timeline for which that user can generate a report. Once the maximum timeline is set for a user, then, whenever that user logs into eG Reporter and attempts to generate a report, the Timeline list box in the report page will display options according to the maximum timeline setting of that user. For instance, if a user can generate a report for a maximum period of 3 days only, then 3 days will be the highest option displayed in the Timeline list - i.e., 3 days will be the last option in the fixed Timeline list. Similarly, if the user chooses the Any option from the Timeline list and proceeds to provide a start date and end date for report generation using the From and To specifications, eG Enterprise will first check if the user's Timeline specification conforms to his/her maximum timeline setting. If not, report generation will fail. For instance, for a user who is allowed to generate reports spanning over a maximum period of 3 days only, the difference between the From and To dates should never be over 3 days. If it is, then, upon clicking the Run Report button a message box will appear, prompting the user to change the From and To specification.
In addition to the settings discussed above, this report comes with a set of default specifications. These settings are hidden by default. If you do not want to override these default settings, then you can proceed to generate the report by clicking the Run Report button soon after you pick one/more components for report generation. However, if you want to view and then alter these settings (if required), click on the icon. The default settings will then appear in the MORE OPTIONS drop down window (See Figure 2). The steps below discuss each of these settings and how they can be customized.
If the timeline specified for the report needs to exclude the data collected during the Weekends, then set Exclude weekends to Yes. If not, select No.
You can configure the days of the week that need to be considered as a ‘weekend’ using the Days parameter in the[EXCLUDE_WEEKEND] section in the eg_report.ini file (in the <EG_INSTALL_DIR>\manager\config directory). The Days parameter is set to Saturday,Sunday by default. To change this weekend specification, enter two other days of the week against the Days parameter.
- Specify the start time and end time for report generation against the Time period field (see Figure 2).
In large environments, reports generated using months of data can take a long time to complete. Administrators now have the option of generating reports on-line or in the background. When a report is scheduled for background generation, administrators can proceed with their other monitoring, diagnosis, and reporting tasks, while the eG manager is processing the report. This saves the administrator valuable time. To schedule background processing of a report, you can either select the Background Save - PDF or the Background Save - CSV option from the Report Generation list. In this case, a Report Name text box will appear, where you would have to provide the name with which the report is to be saved in the background. To process reports in the foreground, select the Foreground Generation - HTML option from this list.
- The default selection in the Report Generation list will change according to the Timeline specified for the report. If the Timeline set is greater than or equal to the number of days specified against the MinDurationForReport parameter in the [BACKGROUND_PROCESS] section of the eg_report.ini file, then the default selection in the Report Generation list will be Background Save - PDF. On the other hand, if the Timeline set for the report is lesser than the value of the MinDurationForReport parameter, then the default selection in the Report Generation list will be Foreground. This is because, the MinDurationForReport setting governs when reports are to be processed in the background. By default, this parameter is set to 2 weeks - this indicates that by default, reports with a timeline of 2 weeks and above will be processed in the background.
- The Report Generation list will appear only if the EnableBackgroundReport flag in the [BACKGROUND_PROCESS] section of the eg_report.ini file (in the [EG_INSTALL_DIR]\manager\config directory) is set to Yes.
- Click the Done button if any changes were made to the More Options drop down window.
Finally, click the Run Report button to generate the report.
If the option chosen from the Report Generation list is Foreground Generation - HTML, then clicking the Run Report button will reveal Figure 3.
From Figure 3, administrators can figure out the following:
- The Overview section reveals the percentage of time the servers in the target environment were up/down and the number of times the servers were restarted.
- A bar graph in the JVM Uptime Analysis section reveals percentage of time the chosen server was up/down during the chosen time period. Using this graph, administrators can figure put when during the day/on which day, the chosen server was down for a maximum period of time. The Top 5 longest downtime can also be identified along with the duration of the downtime. Administrators are also provided with a few observations such as the count of unplanned JVM restarts, average time to recover from the downtime etc using which they can plan their maintenance activities better.
- A Deductions/Recommendations section offers administrators with critical insights into the JVM environment using which they can accurately determine unexpected and prolonged breaks in availability, and accordingly ascertain service level achievements/slippages.