A router is a device or, in some cases, software in a computer, that determines the next network point to which a packet should be forwarded toward its destination. The router is connected to at least two networks and decides which way to send each information packet based on its current understanding of the state of the networks it is connected to.
A large number of users can choke the traffic on the router, thereby significantly slowing down packet transmission. Similarly, very low unused memory/CPU on the router can also affect the speed with which the router transmits data. It is therefore imperative to monitor the users and ascertain if they are genuine users and the resource utilization of the router, so that any sudden increase in load or erosion of resources can be instantly detected, and remedial action be initiated immediately. The eG-developed custom monitoring model for Mikrotik Routers helps network administrators in this regard.