Oracle RAC Data File Errors Test
The most common reasons for data file errors are corrupted blocks and invalid blocks. Both these can cause damage to portions of the database or the whole database, and can thus result in minimal to heavy loss of data. This is why, you should waste no time in identifying the error-prone data files and in doing all that is necessary to clear the errors and salvage the data. The Oracle Data File Errors test can play a key role in this exercise.
This test combs all the data files in the shared cluster storage for errors and reports the number of errors (if any). The test also provides the complete details of every error, thus enabling a speedy and effective resolution.
Target of the test : Oracle Cluster
Agent deploying the test : An internal agent
Outputs of the test : One set of results for the Oracle cluster being monitored
Configurable parameters for the test
- TEST PERIOD - How often should the test be executed
- Host – The host for which the test is to be configured
- Port - The port on which the server is listening
- orasid - The variable name of the oracle instance
service name - A ServiceName exists for the entire Oracle RAC system. When clients connect to an Oracle cluster using the ServiceName, then the cluster routes the request to any available database instance in the cluster. By default, the service name is set to none. In this case, the test connects to the cluster using the orasid and pulls out the metrics from that database instance which corresponds to that orasid. If a valid service name is specified instead, then, the test will connect to the cluster using that service name, and will be able to pull out metrics from any available database instance in the cluster.
To know the ServiceName of a cluster, execute the following query on any node in the target cluster:
select name, value from v$parameter where name =’service_names’
User – In order to monitor an Oracle RAC, a special database user account has to be User – In order to monitor an Oracle database server, a special database user account has to be created in every Oracle database instance that requires monitoring. A Click here hyperlink is available in the test configuration page, using which a new oracle database user can be created. Alternatively, you can manually create the special database user. When doing so, ensure that this user is vested with the select_catalog_role and create session privileges.
The sample script we recommend for user creation (in Oracle database server versions before 12c) for eG monitoring is:
create user oraeg identified by oraeg create role oratest;
grant create session to oratest;
grant select_catalog_role to oratest;
grant oratest to oraeg;
The sample script we recommend for user creation (in Oracle database server 12c) for eG monitoring is:
alter session set container=<Oracle_service_name>;
create user <user_name>identified by <user_password> container=current default tablespace <name_of_default_tablespace> temporary tablespace <name_of_temporary_tablespace>;
Grant create session to <user_name>;
Grant select_catalog_role to <user_name>;
The name of this user has to be specified here.
- Password – Password of the specified database user
- Confirm password – Confirm the password by retyping it here.
- ISPASSIVE – If the value chosen is yes, then the Oracle server under consideration is a passive server in an Oracle cluster. No alerts will be generated if the server is not running. Measures will be reported as “Not applicable’ by the agent if the server is not up.
To make diagnosis more efficient and accurate, the eG Enterprise embeds an optional detailed diagnostic capability. With this capability, the eG agents can be configured to run detailed, more elaborate tests as and when specific problems are detected. To enable the detailed diagnosis capability of this test for a particular server, choose the On option. To disable the capability, click on the Off option.
The option to selectively enable/disable the detailed diagnosis capability will be available only if the following conditions are fulfilled:
- The eG manager license should allow the detailed diagnosis capability
- Both the normal and abnormal frequencies configured for the detailed diagnosis measures should not be 0.
Measurements made by the test
Error files count:
Indicates the number of data file errors that have occurred.
Ideally the value of this measure should be zero.
The detailed diagnosis of this measure indicates the File number, Status, Error, Recover and the Tablespace name for each error that has occurred in the datafiles.